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Osteology of Lower Limb

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This module includes details of femur, patella, fibula and tibia bones with parts, surfaces, borders, attachments to muscles and ligaments, ossification and clinical aspects of the bones.

MODULE 1: Osteology of lower limb5 video lessons (01hr 33m 01s )

  • FEMUR +

    • In this eLearning module, you will learn about Femur. The femur is the only bone in the thigh and the longest bone in the body. It is commonly known as the thigh bone and reaches from the hip to the knee.The main function of the femur is weight bearing and stability of gait. An essential component of the lower kinetic chain. Robust shape of the femur provides many sturdy attachment points for the powerful muscles of the hip and knee that contribute to walking and other propulsive movements.


    • In this eLearning module, you will learn about Patella. The patella is also known as the kneecap. It sits in front of the knee joint and protects the joint from damage. The patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the human body and is located anterior to knee joint within the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle, providing an attachment point for both the quadriceps tendon and the patellar ligament. The apex of the patella is situated inferiorly and is connected to the tibial tuberosity by the patellar ligament.

  • FIBULA +

    • In this eLearning module, you will learn about Fibula. The fibula is a slender, cylindrical leg bone that is located on the posterior portion of the limb. The fibula is a long bone in the lower extremity that is positioned on the lateral side of the tibia. Its main function is to act as an attachment for muscles, and not as a weight-bearer. A ridge on the medial surface of the fibula forms the interosseous border where the fibula is connected to the tibia via the interosseous membrane.

  • TIBIA +

    • In this eLearning module, you will learn about Tibia. The tibia also called shin bone is a long bone of the leg, found medial to the fibula. The tibia forms the knee joint proximally with the femur and forms the ankle joint distally with the fibula and talus.It is also the weight bearing bone of the leg. It is the second largest bone in the body after the femur.


    • In this eLearning module, you will learn about Articulated Foot. The bones of the foot provide mechanical support for the soft tissues. It helps the foot to withstand the weight of the body. It can be divided into three groups, tarsals, metatarsals, phalanges. The tarsals are a set of seven irregularly shaped bones, situated proximally in the foot in the ankle area. Metatarsals are five in number.The phalanges are the bones of the toes. Each toe has three phalanges, proximal, intermediate, and distal.

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